Are you wondering what causes you hair to fall out often? Read this article to have a better understanding on causes of hair loss.
Hair loss is a very common issue that affecting over 1/3 of world population at some point in their life. Hair loss problem can cause low self-esteem, embarrassment, and can be depressing for the sufferers. So, this problem leads hair loss sufferers to wide variety of hair loss products which available in the market. Over 56 million people (35 million men and 21 million women) are experiencing hair loss in United States alone, turning this industry into multi-billion industry.
Losing hair in daily basis is quite common, as we will lose 50-100 strands of hair everyday. However, if you notice that you are losing way more than that then it might be a reason for concern. If you constantly notice hair fall on your pillow, shower drain, cloth and etc, it is a sign that you are probably having hair loss. Another obvious sign is that you will notice hair thinning on your scalp or hair line and it can be seen by naked eye under normal lighting.
Causes Of Hair Loss:
It is very important to identify the root cause of hair loss, so that we can seek for appropriate treatment. It is also advisable that Hair loss sufferers should seek medical attention regarding this issue to rule out any other underlying medical condition.
1. Androgenetic Alopecia.
Androgenetic Alopecia or known as male pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss among many men and women. According to experts, when your family have a history of hair loss or baldness, you are most likely prone to hair loss as well because this condition runs in your family genes either it’s from your mother’s side or your father’s side. Pattern of hair loss due to androgenetic alopecia in men and women can be predicted as per Norwood Scale.
Androgenetic Alopecia is a slow process which progressively shrinking or miniaturization of terminal thick scalp hair into tiny vellus hair overtime with combination of age , heredity and hormones. Terminal hairs are healthy hairs which are thick, long and dark coloured. Vellus hairs are hairs which are tiny, short and light coloured.
Pattern of hair loss in men is very well defined, with start of thinning in hair line progressing to both temples which overtime recedes to form the characteristic of ‘M’ SHAPE or thinning in crown/ top of head progressing to full or partial baldness. Overtime, the baldness at front of head will joint with baldness at top of head for some people, which leads to complete baldness.
Pattern of hair loss in women is quite different from men, as hair loss will start thinning all over head progressing to extensive thinning but not complete baldness .
2.Medical Conditions (Disease or illness)
Medical conditions such as lupus, diabetes, or illness that affects thyroid glands can probably affect a person’s system that controls growth and overall production of hair. Often, hair regrowth will resume as usual after treatment of thyroid disorder. Scalp infection such as ringworm can also attribute to hair loss.
Certain type of medications taken by mouth can trigger hair loss among men and women , such as Acne medications, Antibiotics and antifungal medications, Antidepressants, Oral contraceptives, Anticoagulants (‘ blood thinners‘), Cholesterol-lowering medications, Immunosuppressant medications, Anticonvulsants (epilepsy medications), Anti-hypertensives (high blood pressure medications), Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications ( NSAIDs), Parkinson’s disease medications, Thyroid medications and etc. For some patients, chemotherapy or radiation session can cause hair loss because it kills the hair from the root. Meanwhile, for women who are on birth control pill, might notice hair loss as well. Hormon replacement therapy, oestrogen for women and testosterone for man might also be culprit for hair loss.
4.Insufficient or Poor nutrition
Proper nutrient is very essential for hair growth because our bod will sent all the important nutrition absorbed from food that we consumed to vital organ first and to hair last. Poor or insufficient iron and protein in one’s body will likely to trigger hair loss. Deficiency in protein consists of omega 3 fatty acids and omega 6 fatty acids after 4 months will lead to hair loss.
Hair loss due to lack of nutrition is most common in women as they have insufficient iron in their body due to heavy menstrual period and they are the one normally into crash or fad diet that lacks proper nutrition.
There are two types of stress that can be culprit for hair loss which is physical stress and mental stress. The former are more likely to cause hair loss than the latter. Physical stress caused by trauma resulting from illness, accident or even surgery can disrupt hair growth cycle and trigger hair loss known as telogen effluvium. Telogen effluvium is a temporary hair loss condition which last for a short amount of time. This condition usually gets better as the person start to recover from any physical trauma.
Mental stress unlikely to cause hair loss in most people, however there are possibilities. A person that goes through tough times such as death of loved ones, arguments, stress at work place, or even divorce can be vulnerable to depression or anxiety can accelerate hair loss problems that already existed.
6. Over-styling of Hair
Over-styling of hair has become a common trend in our modern world. Hair style trends always changes as new generations emerge. However, most people are unaware that hair loss can occur with over-styling such as use of extension. Over-styling are one of the main reason for hair loss in women. Pulling hair in pony tail cause hair loss in temple area and use of hair styling products to straighten or curl hair can dry out even oily hair and eliminate essential hair nutrition.